"OBC support for the Congress peaked in 1985 when the Congress led by Madhavsinh Solanki (himself an OBC… Bafan (Muslim) -do- 4. 356.30 All India (Pre Capital per month) Urban Rs. Held that the determination of SEBCs is done not solely based on caste and hence, the identification of SEBCs does not violate Article 15(1) of the Constitution. Home; __DropDown 2; Search By Category. For identifying backward classes, the Commission set up pursuant to the directions of this Court in Indra Sawhney 1 has to work more effectively and not merely decide applications for inclusion or exclusion of castes. Same case exists with the Congress and KHAM, so a question mark over whether Patidars will vote en bloc for a party that institutionalised KHAM is still moot. What is India's population of other backward classes? Though scattered across many sub-communities, the OBC population… Though scattered across many sub-communities, the OBC population, including the influential Thakors in north and Kolis in central Gujarat and Saurashtra, account for around 40 per cent.  The term of the commission has been extended to 31 May 2019. Patidar leader Hardik Patel addressing a gathering in Vadodara (Express Photo) Thousands of Other Backward Class communities’ members held a rally here today to counter the agitation of the Patel community which is demanding OBC status and threatened to “uproot” the Gujarat government if it bows to the demand of the Patels. Since 1931, no caste census has been conducted, either in Gujarat or in India. Socio-Economic Caste Census, SECC -2011, the caste data other than of SC, ST community has not been made public yet. "According to the 1931 caste census, OBCs formed 40% of Gujarat's population.  There is substantial debate over the exact number of OBCs in India; it is generally estimated to be sizable, but many believe that it is higher than the figures quoted by either the Mandal Commission or the National Sample Survey. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Junagadh District as per Census 2011 2. Boris Johnson cancels Republic Day visit to India over COVID-19 crisis in U.K. Bengal Minister Laxmi Ratan Shukla resigns from Trinamool Congress, Shutters of Chembarambakkam, Red Hills reservoirs opened again, Plan to erect new Parliament building gets SC green light, Coronavirus | U.K. PM Boris Johnson announces nationwide lockdown. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Sabarkantha District as per Census 2011. 27 percent of reservation was recommended owing to the legal constraint that the total quantum of reservation should not exceed 50 percent. Residential schools should be set up in these areas for backward class students to provide a climate specially conducive to serious studies. There is a reason for this. In 2011 there were total 527326 families residing in Junagadh district. As for the size of other castes, I shall make mainly relative statements. It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. On 10 April 2008 the Supreme Court of India upheld the government's initiative of 27% OBC quotas in government-funded institutions. This can be done only after exclusion of the creamy layer for which necessary data must be obtained by the Central Government from the State Governments and Union Territories. The OBC population is much higher than what rural household survey has revealed." “Alpesh Thakore joining the Congress is no threat as Thakores are Kashatriyas and have always voted the Congress. As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. It was say that who rupe on these will rule gujarat. , Term for socially or educationally disadvantaged castes in India, Creamy layer and Indra Sawhney vs Union of India, Supreme Court conclusions from Ashoka Kumar Thakur vs. Union of India, Supreme Court scrapped Jat Reservations in Central OBCs list, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation, List of Muslim Other Backward Classes communities, "OBCs form 41% of population: Survey - Times of India", "OBc count: 52 or 41%? The most populous among them is the Koli community, a traditional fishing community with a strong presence in south Gujarat and Suarashtra, that accounts for 15 percent of the state’s population. Bawa, Atit Bawa Goswami Vairagi Bawa Gosai Out of which 1404356 are males while 1338726 are females. Note: Poverty: All India (Per capita per month) Rural Rs. Patan Taluka in Patan District of Gujarat. 5 of 2007), the Central Government must take an appropriate decision on the basis of materials placed and on examining the concerned issues as to whether Institution deserves to be included in the Schedule of the said act as provided in Sec 4 of the said act. OBC Loan Assistance By Gujarat Backward Caste Development Corporation Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government. , On 29 March 2007, the Supreme Court of India, as an interim measure, stayed the law providing for 27 percent reservation for Other Backward Classes in educational institutions like IITs and IIMs. While this was 7.41 per cent of the total population in Gujarat in 1991, it went down … Though scattered across many sub-communities, the OBC population, including the influential Thakors in north and Kolis in central Gujarat and Saurashtra, account for around 40 per cent. The Court held that the 1931 census could not be a determinative factor for identifying the OBCs for the purpose of providing reservation.  The Backward Classes Division of the Ministry looks after the policy, planning and implementation of programmes relating to social and economic empowerment of OBCs, and matters relating to two institutions set up for the welfare of OBCs, the National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation and the National Commission for Backward Classes. Political parties in India have attempted to use these communities as votebanks. States which have already introduced reservation for OBC exceeding 27 per cent will not be affected by this recommendation. Of the 93 seats, 33 seats are OBC and 15 seats are dominated by Patidars. Until 1985, the affairs of the Backward Classes were looked after by the Backward Classes Cell in the Ministry of Home Affairs. OBCs threaten to ‘uproot’ Gujarat government if Patels given reservation ... SCs and STs are 78 per cent of state’s population. Total population of Gujarat as per 2011 census is 60,439,692 of which male and female are 31,491,260 and 28,948,432 respectively. In 2001, total population was 50,671,017 in which males were 26,385,577 while females were 24,285,440. Muslims 9.69% 3. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. "Representation of reserved categories in central govt jobs", "Funds not used fully in educational institutions for OBC reservation", "BC, DC or EC? The First Backward Classes Commission was established by a presidential order on 29 January 1953 under the chairmanship of Kaka Kalelkar, and submitted its report on 30 March 1955. The committee has a three-point mandate:, The committee will have to deliver the report in 12 weeks of its constitution. Malpur Taluka of Sabarkantha district has total population of 97838 as per the Census 2011. In Gujarat, where Patels constitute roughly between 15 and 20 per cent of the 63-million-strong population, they continue to own large tracts of land. It had prepared a list of 2,399 backward castes or communities for the entire country, of which 837 had been classified as the "most backward". The BJP is fairly mindful of this potential of OBC voters to play kingmaker in several seats. Though scattered across many sub-communities, the OBC population, including the influential Thakors in north and Kolis in central Gujarat and Saurashtra, account for around 40 per cent. Malpur Taluka population, religion, caste, sex ratio, literacy rate data. & Date 1. Else others Kham theory who still have some memory of the Congress’ Kshatriya Harijan Adivasi Muslim (KHAM). We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. See below about various plans. Gujarat’s minorities may have a common enemy in the ruling party and government for now. , The Government of Maharashtra grants OBC reservation benefits to East Indians, East Indian Christian and East Indian Catholic. OBC Loan Assistance By Gujarat Backward Caste Development Corporation Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are educationally or socially disadvantaged. Hindus contribute 89%. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Patan District as per Census 2011. Bringing order to the Central list of OBCs by removing any repetitions. “Ordinarily, it has been found that once the sell by date of a particular combination is over, political parties find it difficult to attract new voters. Agri 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt 10.09.1993 2. This was done in response to a public interest litigation — Ashoka Kumar Thakur vs. Union of India. , The Kerala government grants OBC reservation benefits to Latin Catholics, Anglo Indians and Nadar Christians included in South India United Church (SIUC). Though scattered across many sub-communities, the OBC population, including the influential Thakors in north and Kolis in central Gujarat and Saurashtra, account for around 40 per cent. Gujarat’s minorities may have a common enemy in the ruling party and government for now. It is a reflection of the weight of the OBC population in the state – around a staggering 40%. Vocational training was considered imperative. In January 2016, Thakor emerged as the face of Gujarat’s OBCs—about 40% of the state’s population—when he began a protest against liquor addiction. In several of Gujarat’s 182 seats, the split in the Patidar vote would mean OBCs would take center stage. Caste wise 1. *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. A separate Ministry of Welfare was established in 1985 (renamed in 1998 to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment) to attend to matters relating to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and OBCs. But the governments at centre have been silent on the %ge of OBC population. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF GUJARAT Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. But we can definitely say that OBCs are without a doubt the largest caste group in the state," said Vidyut Joshi, emeritus sociologist at the Gujarat Vidyapith in Ahmedabad. आज इस लेख में हम आपके साथ शेयर करेंगे "ST, SC, OBC Caste List in Gujarat". Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. Such Notification is open to challenge on the ground of wrongful exclusion or inclusion. To promote literacy the following measures were suggested: In October 2017, President of India Ram Nath Kovind notified a five-member Commission headed by Delhi High Court's former Chief Justice G. Rohini under Article 340 of Indian Constitution, to explore the idea of OBC sub-categorisation. Several criteria to identify the portion of the population comprising the "creamy layer" have been recommended, including the following:, In March 2015, Supreme Court of India scrapped Jat Reservations saying that Jats are not socially and economically backward in reference with National Commission for Backward Classes' (NCBC) opinion. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. To examine the "extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation" among various castes and communities that come under the Central OBC list. OBCs make up 51 percent of Gujarat’s population. 2. We don't have any credible source besides the 1931 caste census (which is more very old). A roster system for each category of posts should be adopted by the concerned authorities in the same manner as presently done in respect of scheduled caste and scheduled tribe candidates. ... A commission so appointed shall investigate the matters referred to them and present to the president a report setting out the facts as found by them and making such recommendation as they think proper. The creamy layer criteria was introduced at Rs 100,000 in 1993, and revised to Rs 250,000 in 2004, Rs 450,000 in 2008 and Rs 600,000 in 2013. The OBCs were found to comprise 52% of the country's population by the Mandal Commission report of 1980, and were determined to be 41% in 2006 when the National Sample Survey Organisation took place. Though the Patel population in Gujarat is less than half of the OBC population in Gujarat, they are richer and have had an extraordinary influence on Gujarat politics. Rising Discontent Among Dalit-OBC-Patidar Combine Poses a Serious Challenge for BJP in Gujarat. The quantum of reservation should be the same as in the government services, i.e. "According to the 1931 caste census, OBCs formed 40 percent of Gujarat's population. , The Karnataka State Government has issued notification granting OBC reservation benefits to Brahmin Christian, Kuruba Christian, Madiga Christian, Akkasali Christian, Sudri Christian, Scheduled Caste converted to Christianity, Setty Balija Christian, Nekara Christian, Paravar Christian and Lambani Christian. Like in the case of both Lalu Prasad Yadav and Mulayam Singh Yadav, the Muslim-Yadav combination can only go so far. Patels form the second largest vote bank in Gujarat and have been loyal to BJP for three decades, while the OBCs, primarily the Koli community, who account for about 20% of votes to form the largest electoral population as a community, have been traditionally a Congress vote bank. Patan Taluka of Patan district has total population of 449480 as per the Census 2011. ", "The Daily Fix: Supreme Court reminds India that the third word in OBC is 'class' not 'caste, "Jats put in OBC as per Constitutional mandate: Centre to SC", "Centre moves Supreme Court seeking review of Jat quota verdict", "OBC status for Jats: SC quashes Centre's review plea - Times of India", "Caste Census to Focus on Education, Economy", "List of SCs - STs - OBCs | Kerala Public Service Commission, Government of Kerala, India", "National Commission for Backward Classes", "Temple Rerun: Tracing Ram Rath Yatra, 25 years later", "List of Socially and Educationally Backward Classes of Gujarat State", Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Government of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Other_Backward_Class&oldid=998575716, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Gujarat Government Yojana List 2020 Pdf In Gujarati, Friends, if you are from the state of Gujarat and want to know about the (Gujarat Sarkari Yojana) government schemes, then you are at the right place. The Other Backward Classes (OBCs) fare the worst on the representation front. Its report stated that prime beneficiaries of 97% OBC reservation includes Yadav, Kurmi, Jat (Jats of Rajasthan except those of Bharatpur and Dholpur district are in Central OBC list), Saini, Thevar, Ezhava and Vokkaliga castes. It was say that who rupe on these will rule gujarat. With the Patels constituting 15-17 percent of the population, OBCs 45 percent and Dalits 14 percent, the target of winning 150 seats set by the BJP national president appears to be a tall order. As may as 3 crore OBC population of Gujarat will benefit from this decision, said the Gujarat government note. OBCs threaten to 'uproot' Gujarat govt if Patels given reservation. Reserved quota remaining unfilled should be carried forward for a period of three years and de-reserved thereafter. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. For over 22 years, the Patel community of Saurashtra and in other parts of Gujarat has faithfully voted for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), even when Patel strongman and former State Chief Minister Keshubhai Patel rebelled against the party and floated his own party, the Gujarat Parivartan Party (GPP). Nevertheless, a breakdown of the population of Gujarat into major religious, caste and tribal groups according to the census of 1931 is presented in the following table to give a rough idea of the size of at least some castes. This election could be different, say experts, especially if their fear tilts the balance in favor of the BJP even by few counts. Though scattered across many sub-communities, the OBC population, including the influential Thakors in north and Kolis in central Gujarat and Saurashtra, account for around 40 per cent. The exercise in Andhra found 55,35,997 OBC HHs out of total 1,27,52,234 (43.41%); 43,13,699 OBC HHs out of total 92,16,953 (46.80%) in Rajasthan. Muslims 9.69% 3.  The creamy layer is only applicable in the case of Other Backward Castes and not applicable on other group like SC or ST.  1992 Indra Sawhney v Union of India judgment laid down the limits of the state's powers: it upheld the ceiling of 50 per cent quotas, emphasized the concept of "social backwardness", and prescribed 11 indicators to ascertain backwardness. Chauhan said that creation of a separate department would help OBC communities get various benefits which the community has been deprived of. It is one of several official classifications of the population of India, along with Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SCs and STs). ", "Justice G. Rohini, chief of OBC sub-categorization panel, is no stranger to quota issue", "President Kovind appoints five-member commission to examine OBC sub-categorization", "Why OBC Sub-Categorisation Will Be Modi's Ultimate Surgical Strike", "Caste and class: On OBC sub-categorisation", "Panel to split OBCs into sub-categories - Times of India", "OBC sub-categorisation: An idea that bloomed for BJP in U.P. For a population of 70,000 Kadva Patel voters, Kolis clock an impressive 82,000 voters in that seat. Please introduce links to this page from ; try the Find link tool for suggestions. Some of the most notable recommendations of the Kalelkar commission were: The commission in its final report recommended "caste as the criteria" to determine backwardness. In Dhoraji, Kolis outnumber Kadva Patels, whose youth are seen as the more ardent Hardik meeting... Kadva Patels, whose youth are seen as the more ardent Hardik Patel meeting with his in! 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